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  • Unit 1-3, First Floor, Suria @ North Kiara,
  • No. 10 Jalan Sri Bintang, Segambut,
  • 52100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Discover expert solutions for pigmentation concerns like melasma, sun spots, and acne scars. Achieve radiant, glowing skin with our proven treatments at Regions Clinic.

Types of Pigmentation

Common Types of Pigmentation:

  1. Melasma:

    • Description: Brown or grayish patches on the face, often triggered by hormonal changes (pregnancy, birth control pills). It’s more common in women with darker skin tones.
    • Causes: Hormonal fluctuations, sun exposure, genetics.
  2. Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH):

    • Description: Dark spots or patches that appear after skin inflammation or injury (acne, eczema, burns). The color can range from pink to red, brown, or black, depending on skin tone.
    • Causes: Inflammation, trauma to the skin.
  3. Solar Lentigines (Sunspots or Age Spots):

    • Description: Flat, brown spots that develop on sun-exposed areas like the face, hands, and shoulders. They typically appear in people over 40 due to cumulative sun damage.
    • Causes: Sun exposure.
  4. Freckles:

    • Description: Small, flat, light brown spots that appear on sun-exposed skin. They are more common in people with fair skin and tend to darken with sun exposure.
    • Causes: Genetics, sun exposure.
  5. Vitiligo:

    • Description: Loss of skin color in patches, resulting in white spots on different parts of the body. It can affect people of any skin tone.
    • Causes: Autoimmune disorder.

Less Common Types of Pigmentation:

  • Drug-Induced Pigmentation: Certain medications can cause skin discoloration.
  • Nevus of Ota: A bluish-gray birthmark that usually appears on the face.
  • Poikiloderma of Civatte: Reddish-brown discoloration on the sides of the neck, often caused by sun damage.

What is Pigmentation & What Cause It?

Pigmentation refers to the coloring of your skin. It’s caused by melanin, a natural pigment produced by skin cells called melanocytes. When these cells overproduce melanin, it can lead to dark spots, patches, or uneven skin tone. Common culprits include:

  • Sun Damage: Prolonged sun exposure triggers excess melanin production, leading to sunspots and freckles.
  • Hormonal Changes: Melasma, often triggered by pregnancy or hormonal fluctuations, causes brown patches on the face.
  • Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): Acne, injuries, or inflammation can leave behind dark marks as the skin heals.
  • Aging: Age spots or liver spots are a natural part of aging but can be exacerbated by sun exposure.

fluctuations can trigger acne, especially in women. Conditions like polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also contribute to stubborn acne.

  • Genetics: Some individuals are simply genetically predisposed to acne. If your parents had acne, you might be more likely to experience it as well.
  • Underlying Medical Conditions: Certain medical conditions, like Cushing’s syndrome, can cause or worsen acne.
  • Medications: Some medications, like corticosteroids or lithium, can trigger acne as a side effect.
  • Diet: While not the primary cause, certain foods like dairy and high-glycemic foods can worsen acne in some people.
  • Stress: Stress can trigger hormonal changes that contribute to breakouts.
  • Incorrect Treatment: Using the wrong products or treatments can be ineffective and may even irritate your skin, making acne worse.
  • Bacteria Resistance: If you’ve used antibiotics for acne in the past, the bacteria on your skin may have developed resistance, making the antibiotics less effective.

How to Treat Pigmentation?

At Regions Clinic, we offer a range of advanced pigmentation treatment options tailored to your unique needs and skin type. Our expert team will create a personalized plan to address your specific concerns:

  • Chemical Peels: Exfoliate the skin’s surface, fading pigmentation and revealing a brighter complexion.
  • Pico Laser Therapy: Targeted laser energy breaks down excess melanin, reducing the appearance of dark spots.
  • Intense Pulsed Light (IPL): Similar to laser therapy, IPL targets pigmentation with multiple wavelengths of light.
  • Microdermabrasion: This gentle exfoliation method can help fade mild pigmentation and improve skin texture.
  • Medical-Grade Skin Care Products: We recommend and offer professional-grade products with potent ingredients like hydroquinone, retinoids, and vitamin C to brighten skin and inhibit melanin production.

Prevention is Paramount 

While treatments can be highly effective, prevention is key to maintaining a clear, even complexion:

  • Sun Protection: Religiously wear broad-spectrum sunscreen with SPF 30+ every day, rain or shine.
  • Limit Sun Exposure: Seek shade during peak hours and wear protective clothing like hats and sunglasses.
  • Gentle Skincare: Avoid harsh products that can irritate the skin and trigger post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation.

Your Journey to Radiant Skin Starts Today at Regions Clinic

Don’t let pigmentation hold you back from feeling confident in your skin. 

Click LEARN MORE below to connect instantly with our 24/7 WhatsApp customer service team. Simply type CLEAR and send. Our dedicated consultant will provide you with detailed information about our Pico Laser Facial Treatment Combo and answer any questions you may have. 

Your journey to clearer, smoother, and more youthful skin starts now!

Book Your Free Consultation Today!

Regions Clinic | LCP Certified Aesthetic Clinic in Kuala Lumpur


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